Whether they want to or not.
And this tax is paid in a great deal more than money.
The interesting, and also quite terrible, thing now, though, is that you can suffer direct extreme climate effect damage, which is of course a collateral effect of the industrialization of our air, but also suffer much worse after because of the collateral damage a completely broken socio/economic system as it careens along under centuries of built up social interia; doing exactly what it did to create the industrialized air in the first place: focus only on supply, costs, production and distribution efficiencies, and above all else, maximize profits. Only now we have it all electrified and the inadvertent effects are thus amplified across so many boundaries of formerly segmented actors, that we get our own quantum economic, transaction super effects; as key trigger events set off waves of cascading sub events, making things go bad with a lot of social energy behind them, much like the chain reaction of an atomic bomb.
This is what it means to have a completely new operating environment and still think you can operate in it with a centuries old operating system. This is why you have to take responsibility for yourselves now. The old ways of going about life now simply will not work anymore. Especially as we have to redefine what work really ought to be in the first place. Your choice.